Function Models

The Manticore function modeling API can be used to override a certain function in the target program with a custom implementation in Python. This can greatly increase performance.

Manticore comes with implementations of function models for some common library routines (core models), and also offers a user API for defining user-defined models.

To use a core model, use the invoke_model() API. The available core models are documented in the API Reference:

from manticore.native.models import strcmp
addr_of_strcmp = 0x400510
def strcmp_model(state):

To implement a user-defined model, implement your model as a Python function, and pass it to invoke_model(). See the invoke_model() documentation for more. The core models are also good examples to look at and use the same external user API.

Symbolic Input

Manticore allows you to execute programs with symbolic input, which represents a range of possible inputs. You can do this in a variety of manners.

Wildcard byte

Throughout these various interfaces, the ‘+’ character is defined to designate a byte of input as symbolic. This allows the user to make input that mixes symbolic and concrete bytes (e.g. known file magic bytes).

For example: "concretedata++++++++moreconcretedata++++++++++"

Symbolic arguments/environment

To provide a symbolic argument or environment variable on the command line, use the wildcard byte where arguments and environment are specified.:

$ manticore ./binary +++++ +++++
$ manticore ./binary --env VAR1=+++++ --env VAR2=++++++

For API use, use the argv and envp arguments to the manticore.native.Manticore.linux() classmethod.:

Manticore.linux('./binary', ['++++++', '++++++'], dict(VAR1='+++++', VAR2='++++++'))

Symbolic stdin

Manticore by default is configured with 256 bytes of symbolic stdin data which is configurable with the stdin_size kwarg of manticore.native.Manticore.linux() , after an optional concrete data prefix, which can be provided with the concrete_start kwarg of manticore.native.Manticore.linux().

Symbolic file input

To provide symbolic input from a file, first create the files that will be opened by the analyzed program, and fill them with wildcard bytes where you would like symbolic data to be.

For command line use, invoke Manticore with the --file argument.:

$ manticore ./binary --file my_symbolic_file1.txt --file my_symbolic_file2.txt

For API use, use the add_symbolic_file() interface to customize the initial execution state from an __init__()

def init(initial_state):

Symbolic sockets

Manticore’s socket support is experimental! Sockets are configured to contain 64 bytes of symbolic input.